If you stop to think about it, pollen is everywhere, it can be found in trees, flowers, grass, and weeds. You might be wondering just how to avoid this allergen because as soon as you get over the tree pollen in spring, there will be grass pollen in summer, and ragweed pollen in fall. However, there are some steps you can take to prevent and reduce the effect of pollen.
Pollen is a fine, powdery particle that is produced by seed plants, which the plants use in the process of reproduction. This can affect the eyes, nose and throat, and trigger allergic reactions.
The presence of pollen in the airways, (nose, throat, lungs or mouth), is a leading cause of allergic rhinitis, commonly known as hay fever. The symptoms of hay fever resemble the common cold, and as a result it is often misdiagnosed. It is characterized by itchy eyes nose and throat, sneezing, conjunctivitis, post nasal drip, red-rimmed eyes, and other symptoms.
Allergies to pollen can be treated by using medication, immunotherapy, or by avoiding the allergens. Medication is available in both prescription and over-the-counter varieties. The most common prescription drugs are antihistamines. The topical antihistamines are more popular and also more effective, because they can be put directly on the affected area, to provide fast relief from symptoms.
Antihistamines are also available without a prescription. By and large, there have been no major problems associated with the use of antihistamines. However, there have been some cases of people who have suffered from reduced alertness, drowsiness, and reduced coordination.
Immunotherapy involves the use of allergy shots, and entails the injection of small doses of pollen under the skin. It is believed that this will help to improve the body’s tolerance to the pollen, and avert a severe reaction.
In order to avoid pollen, persons are often told to stay indoors as much as possible. Also, windows and doors should be kept closed, and the air conditioner should be used when you are at home, or in your car. The filter of the air conditioner will help to filter out pollen, but this can only be effective if it is cleaned on a regular basis. It is also important to shower before going to bed. This will help to wash off pollen from the skin and hair.
Pollen allergy can be very annoying and lead to interruption in regular activities. It is always recommended that allergies to pollen be treated, in order to prevent the occurrence of complications, such as severe respiratory problems.